Cosmetic Surgery: Types and Uses

Cosmetic Surgery
Cosmetic Surgery

Cosmetic Surgery: Types and Uses

In recent times, the scope of plastic surgery has widened. Celebrities aren’t the only ones who are cosmetic surgery crazy. You may have several cosmetic surgeries or procedure options to enhance or restore your appearance. Talking with your doctor can help you choose the option. The most popular procedures done these days are labioplasty (liposuction), eyelid surgery, breast implants, nose jobs, facelifts, and Botox injections. More than 20 million cosmetic procedures are performed in worldwide every year.

Cosmetic surgery is a type of plastic surgery that aims to improve a person’s appearance. It needs to be performed with caution under the supervision of a certified and trained surgeon. If the patient shows signs of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), this causes him to perceive that there is something seriously wrong with their appearance when objective evidence suggests otherwise. Then, a surgeon may refer a patient for counseling before surgery.

Second, Reconstructive surgery aims to improve function and give a normal appearance to a part of the person’s body that has been damaged, for example, after a mastectomy.

Main Types of Cosmetic Surgery:

Mammoplasty or Breast Surgery includes breast augmentation or enlargement, traditionally performed using saline or silicone gel prosthetics, and now performed with fat grafting. Elderly women opt for this treatment for “drooping boobs” due to the skin losing elasticity. Generally, women undergo the scalpel if they have small breasts, if one breast is larger than the other, or if the breasts have changed after pregnancy or breastfeeding.

Breast reduction is performed to reduce the risk of breast cancer in women who are at high risk of the disease. Male breast reduction treats gynecomastia, an enlargement of the mammary tissue in men.

Breast lift or Mastopexy involves removing skin and glandular tissue to make the breasts smaller and rearranging the remaining tissue to make the breast appear lifted as well.

Body Liposuction Contouring

Liposuction is a minimally invasive cosmetic procedure that removes excess fat from different areas of your body. Liposuction is not an alternative to weight loss. Liposuction offers a way to a smoother and improved body contour.  It slims and reshapes for an enhanced self-image.

Abdominoplasty, or “tummy tuck” reshapes and firms the abdomen. This may be suitable after pregnancy or after losing a great deal of weight.

Buttock augmentation enhances the appearance of the buttocks by making them larger. The surgeon will either graft fat from another part of the patient’s body using liposuction. Silicone implants may also occasionally be used in the buttocks.

A Buttock lift or lower body lift involves removing excess skin from the hips, buttocks, and thighs in order to tighten and lift them.

Facial cosmetic surgery

Blepharoplasty, or eyelid surgery, aims to reshape the eyelids. With age, the skin becomes lax, and there may be drooping or hooding of the upper lids, and bags on the lower lids. Eyelid surgery may be functional, cosmetic, or both. It usually involves removing or repositioning excess skin and fat, and the procedure may reinforce surrounding muscles and tendons.

Facial cosmetic surgery

A beautiful face certainly turns heads. Many people undergo cosmetic procedures to enhance their look. Of course, all are not film actors but common people desirous of a beautiful face. Facial surgery includes Blepharoplasty, rhinoplasty, Otoplasty, browplasty and facelift. 

Blepharoplasty, or eyelid surgery, aims to reshape the eyelids. Eyelid surgery may be functional, cosmetic, or both. Surgery involves removing or repositioning excess skin and fat, and the procedure may reinforce surrounding muscles and tendons. This is best for hooding of the upper eyelids, and bags on the lower lids.

In rhinoplasty, also known as a “nose job,” the surgeon reshapes the patient’s nose to improve the appearance and often breathing, too. It may involve reshaping the tip and reduce the bony hump at the upper aspect of the nose.

Otoplasty, or ear surgery, treats prominent or misshapen ears by surgically “pinning” the ear closer to the head with sutures, reshaping the cartilage, or both.It is most commonly performed in children after of 5 or 6 years as the ears have essentially reached adult size by that age.

Rhytidectomy, also known as a facelift, aims to surgically remove wrinkles and tighten facial skin in order to achieve a more youthful appearance.

Typically, the incision is placed in front of and behind the ears, extending into the hairline in the temple area. The skin is lifted off the deeper facial tissue, redraped more tightly, and the excess skin is removed. The incisions are then closed with sutures.

The deeper tissues of the face and neck may also be tightened. Blepharoplasty, or eyelid surgery may be done at the same time.

A brow lift, browplasty, or forehead lift aims to remove signs of aging by raising drooping eyebrows and removing forehead wrinkles, or worry lines. It is often done alongside other cosmetic procedures to achieve a more harmonious facial appearance.

Chin augmentation aims to make the chin more prominent and provide a better balance of facial features. It can be performed with either a prosthetic implant or through manipulation of the chin bone.

Malar or cheek augmentation can make the cheekbones more prominent. The surgeon may place an implant at the top of the cheekbones.